Pupil Teacher Ratio

At IndiaGoverns Research Institute, we have accessed and analysed Karnataka Education data from DISE (District Information System for Education), National University of Education, Planning and Administration, New Delhi for the year 2015-16.

One of the important indicators in the education system is the Pupil-teacher ratio. A lower pupil teacher ratio is considered better for students.

The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 in its Schedule lays down Pupil Teacher Ratio (PTR) for both primary and upper primary schools. At primary level the PTR should be 30:1 and at the upper primary level it should be 35:1.

IndiaGoverns Research Institute has accessed 75,489 schools’ data from DISE for Karnataka state for the year 2015-16.  From this set, we have only considered schools which satisfy the following conditions:

  • There are 61,713 Elementary schools which are either government or private. This does not include unrecognised or madrasas.
  • Out of the above 61,713 schools, 993 Schools have reported number of teachers in the school as zero, 533 schools have reported number of students enrolled as zero and 267 schools have reported both teachers and students as 0. These schools are not included in the analysis.
  • One school was not considered due to incomplete collection of data.

There are totally 59,919 schools which satisfy all the above condition. On analysing these schools, the following observations were made:

  • 9,430 elementary schools out of a total 59,919 schools analysed have pupil-teacher ratio greater than 35:1. These 9,430 schools will constitute 7 % of all elementary schools analysed.
  • Table below shows the breakup of schools where PTR > 35 across urban, rural, government and private schools
Urban / Rural Prvt / Govt Total elementary schools Elementary schools with PTR>35 % Ele schools with PTR>35 Enrolment in schools where PTR > 35
Rural Govt 38,856 4,632 12% 9,52,616
Urban Govt 5,147 386 7% 1,17,232
Rural Prvt 6,968 1,752 25% 5,87,275
Urban Prvt 8,948 2,660 30% 12,38,881
  • From the above table, it is observed that in both the rural and urban areas, the % schools with PTR greater than 35 is higher in private elementary schools compared to government elementary schools.

Approximately 28 lakh out of 77 lakh students are enrolled in these elementary schools where the pupil teacher ratio is greater than 35. These 28 lakh students constitute 37% of all elementary students in the state.                                         pie_comparison

  • Of all the children enrolled in schools with PTR > 35 in rural, we observe that 62 % of them are in government schools, where as in urban areas, 91% of them are from private schools

The table below lists the 5 MLA constituencies with the highest number of schools which have PTR greater than 35:       

MLA Constituency Total number of elementary schools Number of schools with      PTR > 35
Shorapur (ST) 364 190
Arabhavi 314 164
Jevargi 340 136
Devadurga (ST) 368 129
Shahapur 314 124

The table below lists the 5 MLA constituencies with the highest enrolment in schools where PTR greater than 35:

  • MLA constituency Enrolment in schools where PTR>35
    Shorapur (ST) 41,744
    Bangalore South 40,178
    Arabhavi 38,167
    Jevargi 35,722
    Sandur (ST) 35,279
  • While Shorapur (ST), Arabhavi and Jevargi feature on both lists, Bangalore south has a high number of students concentrated in fewer schools where PTR is greater than 35 indicating a very high PTR in this constituency
  • Average PTR across schools where PTR > 35 in Bangalore south is 72 (Average across all schools in the state where PTR > 35 is 55)
  • The following graph shows the distribution of schools with PTR>35 across pupil teacher ratio:PTR across schools
  • We can observe that 10% of schools where PTR > 35, have a pupil-teacher ratio of greater than 80
  • 33% of schools where PTR > 35 have a pupil teacher ratio between 41 and 50
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